A BRIEF GUIDE TO COFFEE

Updated: Mar 30

The Canberra coffee scene keeps growing from strength to strength thanks to some passionate and well educated local roasters and baristas. As many would know, Canberra is home to one of our former #MCM Sasa Sestic, who was awarded the title of World Barista Champion, 2015. Sasa educates and provides some of the worlds best coffee beans to roasters all over the world.

With so many specialty local roasters in Canberra, chances are your coffee is from one of them, Ona, Red Brick, Barrio, and Kyo, just to name a few. This may be why, if you're a regular coffee drinker you will have developed a taste for specialty coffee without even realising it.


We hooked up with the Cupping Room's head barista, Connor to further your coffee knowledge.


Base

Espresso

Concentrated shot of coffee passed through the coffee machine at high pressure.

Milk

Espresso paired with hot textured milk, which brings out the sweetness of the espresso.

Filter

Usually passed through paper filters, to remove oils and provides a cleaner cup. Served black and in a tea like way this is a more delicate way of drinking coffee.


Beans

Espresso

Typically a Single origin coffee is used, which means it is typically made up of beans from the same farm of estate. Single o's are usually roasted for the longest amount of time to develop the flavour.

Milk

Typically made up of more than one bean type. Mixing flavours to create big and bold profiles which are ideal for milk based.

Filter

Also using single origin, however roasted for less time than an espresso single o, blended to highlight its origin and what has stood out to the roaster. This will bring out a cleaner more vibrant acidity.

How

Espresso

Espresso Shot, Ristretto, Long Black

Milk Based

Short Macchiato, Piccolo, Flat White, Latte, Cappuccino, Mocha

Filter

AeroPress, Chemex, French Press, Syphon, V60, or

cold via Pour Over, Drip, Cold Brew or Nitro


Talk

Balance

The sweetness, acidity and bitterness all play together to create an enjoyable drinking experience.

Texture

The weight of your coffee ie, how it feels in your mouth, heavy, light etc


Barista, 'There's an issue with my coffee'

Bitter

Usually over extracted ie, too much water has run through the machine. Identified by flat woody low sweetness and a dry bitter aftertaste.

Sour

Usually under extracted. High sharp acidity, lacking body and has a metallic taste.


Filter

The most affordable and convenient way to have your coffee at home is by using one of the many filters available. Below is our brief guide and methods for some of the filter machines available so that you can purchase one for home.




AeroPress - Affordable, light weight, compact, robust, easy to use, from $36


Method

  1. Rinse the paper filter and place in basket

  2. Use 14-20g of fresh fine filter ground coffee

  3. Pour 200ml of hot water over the coffee.

  4. Stir 3 times and steep for 60sec

  5. After 60sec steep time, take the handle off, stir 3 times back to front.

  6. Place the handle on top of the AeroPress and press the contents into a large cup or pitcher by using your body weight.



Chemex (3 Cup, 450ml) - Affordable, attractive, easy to use, from $70


Method

  1. Unfold the Chemex filter and insert in the top of the brewer, making sure the 3-layered side of the filter is lined up with the pouring spout

  2. Pour hot water around the inside of the filter for about 5sec

  3. Keeping the filter in place, discard the rinse water

  4. Place 25g of fresh fine filter ground coffee into filter

  5. Saturate the grounds with 50ml of hot water, then rest

  6. After 30sec, slowly pour the remaining 355ml in concentric circles

  7. Allow the brewed coffee to drain, clean the filter.



French Press (3 Cup) - Affordable, light weight, easy to use, from $40


Method

  1. Use 20g of coffee at a coarse setting and pour into the carafe

  2. Add 325ml of hot water to the French Press, saturating all the grounds

  3. Wait 3-4min, then plunge the filter.




V60 - Affordable, attractive, easy to use, from $70


Method

  1. Place a filter in the dripper and rinse it with hot wate

  2. Use 20g of coffee at a medium-fine setting and pour in the dripper

  3. Slowly pour 40ml of hot water over the grounds to evenly saturate

  4. After 30sec, pour the remaining 300ml in slow circles

  5. Wait for the the coffee to drain.

All of the above should be available to purchase from your local specialty coffee cafe. Purchase some of their beans, have them grind for the machine you purchase and you'll be well on your way to brewing the perfect cup at home. Once you feel more confident and want to step up your game you can purchase a hand grinder and some coffee scales.


Enjoy your cup and hit us up if you have any questions.